Most of us have had it or noticed dandruff sometime or the other. Those small white flakes you see on your shoulders or the shoulders of someone else. Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. As skin cells die a small amount of flaking is normal, some people, however, experience an unusually large amount of flaking either chronically or as a result of certain triggers.
What Causes Dandruff?Dandruff is caused by a combination of three natural triggers:
1) A fungus that lives on everyone’s scalp,
Generally, it will cause no problems at all. However, it can grow out of control. It feeds on the oils our hair follicles secrete. When this happens, the scalp can become irritated and produce extra skin cells. These extra skin cells die and falloff; they mix with the oil from the hair and scalp, and turn into what we see as dandruff.
2) The presence of scalp oils (which we all have), and
3) One’s exposure to the condition, it can be transmitted through contact.
How to Prevent Dandruff?Dandruff is a common scalp disorder affecting scores of people at the post-pubertal age. It often causes itching. The severity of dandruff may fluctuate with season as it often worsens in winter. Most cases of dandruff can be easily treated with specialized shampoos. Head & Shoulders shampoo is a leading anti-dandruff shampoo because it has these 7 benefits!
Anti-dandruff hair care products include ingredients such as zinc pyrithione, considered by dermatologists as effective anti-dandruff treatments. It is especially important for victims of the condition to shampoo their hair frequently to keep scalp oils from accumulating on the scalp and aggravating the condition of dandruff. If anti-dandruff shampoos do not work, you could also check out a few home remedies for dandruff here.
Treatments for dandruffTwo factors should be considered when you treat dandruff:
- Your age
- The severity of your dandruff.
Shampoos and scalp preparationsShampoos and products for the scalp are available OTC (over-the-counter, no prescription needed) at most stores and pharmacies. It is important to remember that seborrheic dermatitis can be controlled, but not cured with these products.
Before using an anti-fungal shampoo see if you can remove any scaly or crusty patches on your scalp - do this with care. If you manage to remove them, the shampoo will be more effective.
If you have dandruff on your beard, you can use dandruff shampoo on it.
Most anti-dandruff or anti-fungal shampoos contain at least one of the following active ingredients:
- Zinc pyrithione - an ingredient which slows down the production of yeast
- Selenium sulphide - this reduces the production of natural oils your scalp glands produce
- Coal tar - this has a natural anti-fungal agent. If your hair is dyed or treated remember that long-term coal tar usage can stain the hair
- Ketoconazole - a very effective anti-fungal. Most people who use this are pleased with the results. Experts say shampoos with this ingredient can be used with young and elderly people
- Salicylic acids - these help your scalp get rid of skin cells. They do not slowdown the reproduction of skin cells. Many "scalp scrubs" contain salicylic acids. Some people find salicylic acid treatments leave their scalps dry and eventually make the flaking of the skin worse
- Tea-tree oil - This oil comes from the Australian Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia). A growing number of shampoos now include tea-tree oil as one of its ingredients. It has been used for centuries as an anti-fungal, antibiotic, and an antiseptic. However, some people are allergic to it
- Green Tea potential - Researchers from the Medical College of Georgia, USA, found that green tea may have potential for the treatment of dandruff and psoriasis.
Make sure the shampoo has time to stay on your scalp before you rinse it off - perhaps about five minutes. If you rinse it off too quickly, the ingredient will not have enough time to work.
If after several weeks of treating yourself you still have dandruff, you should consider seeing your doctor or a dermatologist (skin specialist).
Possible complications of dandruffA person with dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis will hardly ever experience complications. If one were to occur, it would more likely be caused by one of the dandruff treatments. If you find one of your dandruff shampoos or scalp treatments is causing irritation, stop using it and ask your pharmacist to suggest another one.
Bacteria can get in under your skin if there is a break on the skin of the scalp. If this happens, and you feel unwell, or that area of skin is red, tender and swollen, go and see your doctor.
While dandruff can be a rather embarrassing and confidence-lowering condition, it isn’t very serious in most cases. Which is why, you should only consider shelling out money at a salon once you’ve tried curing it at home, and with ingredients you may already have in your kitchen.
Dandruff, also called Seborrhoea, targets the scalps of many people, young and old. What’s more, it leads to other skin issues like pimples and acne. Before we can discuss how to cure dandruff, let’s understand what causes it. Poor hair brushing and shampooing habits, dry skin, stress and improper diets, will make your scalp more prone to dandruff. Now that you’re aware of the causes, it’s time to fight dandruff.
10 Simple Home Remedies For Dandruff Cure:
1. Coconut Oil & Lemon MassageCoconut oil nourishes your hair, while lemon juice helps to treat dandruff at home without using harmful chemicals. Given below is the easiest dandruff home remedy:
Step 1: Heat 2 tablespoons of coconut oil and mix it with equal amounts of lemon juice.
Step 2: Massage your scalp gently with the mixture.
Step 3: Leave it on for 20 minutes before rinsing if off with shampoo.
2. Fenugreek Pack as a Dandruff RemedyThis home remedy for dandruff uses fenugreek seeds. Follow the instructions below to use fenugreek pack to cure dandruff:
Step 1: Soak some fenugreek or methi seeds in water overnight.
Step 2: Drain the leftover water and mash the softened seeds into a paste.
Step 3: Let the paste sit for about an hour.
Step 4: Rinse it off with a mild shampoo.
3. CurdTreating dandruff at home with curd is a little messy but very effective. Method for using curd as a home remedy for dandruff is given below:
Step 1: Apply some curd to your hair and scalp.
Step 2: Let it sit tight for about an hour.
Step 3: Rinse it off with a shampoo that’s mild.
4. Baking Soda is a great home remedy for dandruffDandruff treatment can be carried out at home with baking soda as well. The remedy to use baking soda for dandruff treatment is given below:
Step 1: Wet your hair slightly.
Step 2: Keeping your hair wet, rub a spoonful of baking soda on your scalp.
Step 3: Leave it on for 60-90 seconds prior to washing it off.
5. Tea Tree OilTea tree oil is another way to cure dandruff at home. Follow the instructions given below to treat dandruff at home easily:
Step 1: Pour a few drops of tea tree oil on your scalp and spread it evenly.
Step 2: Let it soak for 5 minutes.
Step 3: Wash it off with a mild shampoo.
6. Apple Cider Vinegar can be used too, to remedy dandruff at homeTreating dandruff and hair fall at home can be a bit tricky. Apple cider vinegar is one of the best home remedies for dandruff and hair fall. Learn how to treat dandruff with apple cider vinegar below:
Step 1: Mix equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water and set it aside.
Step 2: After a regular hair wash, apply the mixture on your wet hair.
Step 3: Massage your scalp well and leave it on for 15 minutes before rinsing it off.
7. Henna or MehndiCure dandruff with this simple henna remedy. Henna softens your hair, while lemon juice works its wonder in dandruff treatment.
Step 1: Mix Henna or Mehndi with tea liquor, curd and a dash of lemon juice.
Step 2: Set this mixture aside for approximately 8 hours.
Step 3: Apply it on your scalp and hair.
Step 4: Leave it on for about 2 hours and then wash off thoroughly.
8. Neem Juice helps cure dandruff at homeNeem has anti-bacterial properties and is an amazing home remedy for dandruff. The method given below is easy and mess-free.
Step 1: Grind a bunch of neem leaves in a food processor to form a thick paste.
Step 2: Apply this paste on your scalp and let it sit for 10 minutes or so.
Step 3: Wash it off with water.
9. Multani Mitti Hair PackMultani mitti helps to restore hair health. This simple dandruff remedy using multani mitti gives you soft, silky hair and dandruff-free hair.
Step 1: Make a thick paste using multani mitti, water and a dash of lemon juice.
Step 2: Apply this mixture on your hair and scalp and leave it on for about 20 minutes
Step 3: Rinse it off with water.
10. Orange Peel Pack works well as a homely dandruff treatmentOrange peel is another dandruff remedy that can be tried at home. Read how to use orange peel pack for dandruff removal below:
Step 1: Throw an orange peel in a food processor and squeeze in some lemon juice too.
Step 2: Grind all the ingredients into a paste.
Step 3: Apply this paste on your scalp and let it sit for 30 minutes before washing it off with a mild shampoo.
Remember, all these remedies need to be applied at least thrice a week for best results; continue to do so till you see the difference. Aren’t you happy that you’re now empowered to do your own dandruff treatment at home?
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